Now that you realize what drones actually do, understanding already a little bit how they help farmers and solve many problems in the agricultural process, let’s see a little more about what solutions and advantages they brought to farmers.
- Real-time precision – One of the main advantages of drones is the accuracy with which drones can detect and monitor large areas in real time.
- Flight frequency and costs – Drones have a great advantage over other monitoring systems, which is that they can make flights much more frequently, at low cost, and throughout the production period.
A drone can get images with higher quality and precision in real time and can fly below the clouds, which a satellite can not do. Besides that, with a satellite it is only possible to get images once a week or once a month.
- Information and monitoring of crops – The use of drones allows the farmer to have a precise and real-time view of the crop. The raw data collected by drones is translated into information useful to farmers thanks to specific algorithms. Some of the information these images provide are:
- Plant counting: plant size, plot statistics, stand number, compromised plots, planter skips
- Plant height: crop height and density
- Vegetation indices: leaf area, anomaly detection, treatment efficacy, infestations, phenology
- Water needs
Thus, drones provide to the farmers high-quality aerial images and allows to detect pests, understand the best areas for planting and monitor the development of their crops, from planting to harvesting.
- Reduces costs and improves efficiency – The use of drones allows reduce equipment and labor costs, allowing to have efficiency gains in the execution of tasks.
- Improves and helps in farmers’ decision making – Drones, by allowing the farmer to have a better knowledge of their crops in real time, allows the farmer react faster, which can help prevent crop loss and increase the productivity.
- Increase of sustainability and improvement of strategies – Drone can also help farmers with the use of chemicals, fertilizers and pesticides, and even water use, in a way that is based on the need to reduce costs and pollution. In the long run, data provided by drones provide a more detailed picture of how cultures are responding to these strategies, which can lead to more efficient use of limited resources and a strategy that allows reduce costs, pollution and that take into account the resources available.
Benefits of agricultural drones
In this way, what started to be a technology for military use may end up better known as a green-technology tool that allows the improvement of the agriculture industry, providing better products, with less chemical substances, less pollution and with more sustainability.